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author Krell, Frank-Thorsten
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description <p>The fossil record of scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) is reviewed and its relevance for the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of the taxon is explored. After a discussion of the different kinds of preservation of scarab fossils, including preservation of color, the richest scarab deposits are identified. From the fossil record, the minimum age of Scarabaeoidea is determined as 152 myr. To develop an idea about the appearance of the first scarab, the ground-pattern of Scarabaeoidea is reconstructed for the first time on the basis of published phylogenetic analyses. Extinct scarabaeoid family-group taxa are described and discussed. Cretocomini and Cretoglaphyrini are upgraded to subfamily rank for reasons of consistency. Most of their diagnostic character states are controverted or not polarized. The minimum age of extant scarabaeoid family-group taxa is deduced from the fossil record. Ancient feeding habits, particularly the development of coprophagy, are discussed. The youngest extinct species described are from the Pleistocene, whereas extant species have been recorded since the Pliocene.</p>
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spelling Krell, Frank-Thorsten 1934-0451 1938-4408 The Coleopterists Society https://www.jstor.org/stable/4153167 <p>The fossil record of scarab beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeoidea) is reviewed and its relevance for the reconstruction of the evolutionary history of the taxon is explored. After a discussion of the different kinds of preservation of scarab fossils, including preservation of color, the richest scarab deposits are identified. From the fossil record, the minimum age of Scarabaeoidea is determined as 152 myr. To develop an idea about the appearance of the first scarab, the ground-pattern of Scarabaeoidea is reconstructed for the first time on the basis of published phylogenetic analyses. Extinct scarabaeoid family-group taxa are described and discussed. Cretocomini and Cretoglaphyrini are upgraded to subfamily rank for reasons of consistency. Most of their diagnostic character states are controverted or not polarized. The minimum age of extant scarabaeoid family-group taxa is deduced from the fossil record. Ancient feeding habits, particularly the development of coprophagy, are discussed. The youngest extinct species described are from the Pleistocene, whereas extant species have been recorded since the Pliocene.</p> Fossil Record and Evolution of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera: Polyphaga) Coleopterists Society Monographs. Patricia Vaurie Series
spellingShingle Krell, Frank-Thorsten, Coleopterists Society Monographs. Patricia Vaurie Series, Fossil Record and Evolution of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera: Polyphaga)
title Fossil Record and Evolution of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera: Polyphaga)
title_full Fossil Record and Evolution of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera: Polyphaga)
title_fullStr Fossil Record and Evolution of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera: Polyphaga)
title_full_unstemmed Fossil Record and Evolution of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera: Polyphaga)
title_short Fossil Record and Evolution of Scarabaeoidea (Coleoptera: Polyphaga)
title_sort fossil record and evolution of scarabaeoidea (coleoptera: polyphaga)
url https://www.jstor.org/stable/4153167